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  OHSAS18001要求事項
 
                                                                
  4.3 Planning 計画
  4.3.1 Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls
危険源の特定、リスクアセスメント及び管理策の決定
The organization shall establish, implement and maintain a procedure(s) for the ongoing hazard identification, risk assessment, and determination of necessary controls.
The procedure(s) for hazard identification and risk assessment shall take into account:
a) routine and non-routine activities;
b) activities of all persons having access to the workplace (including contractors and
  visitors);
c) human behaviour, capabilities and other human factors;
d) identified hazards originating outside the workplace capable of adversely affecting the
  health and safety of persons under the control of the organization within the workplace
e) hazards created in the vicinity of the workplace by work-related activities under the control
  of the organization;

  NOTE 1 It may be more appropriate for such hazards to be assessed as an environmental aspect.
f) infrastructure, equipment and materials at the workplace, whether provided by the
  organization or others;
g) changes or proposed changes in the organization, its activities, or materials;
h) modifications to the OH&S management system, including temporary changes, and their
  impacts on operations, processes, and activities.
i) any applicable legal obligations relating to risk assessment and implementation of
  necessary controls (see also the NOTE to 3.12)
j) the design of work areas, processes, installations, machinery/equipment, operating
 procedures and work organization, including their adaptation to human capabilities
 
The organization’s methodology for hazard identification and risk assessment shall:
a) be defined with respect to its scope, nature and timing to ensure it is proactive rather than
  reactive; and
b) provide for the identification, prioritization and documentation of risks, and the application
  of controls, as appropriate.
 
For the management of change, the organization shall identify the OH&S hazards and OH&S risks associated with changes in the organization, the OH&S management system, or its activities, prior to the introduction of such changes.
The organization shall ensure that the results of these assessments are considered when determining controls.
When determining controls, or considering changes to existing controls, consideration shall be given to reducing the risks according to the following hierarchy:
a) elimination
b) substitution
c) engineering controls
d) signage/warnings and/or administrative controls
e) personal protective equipment.
 
The organization shall document and keep the results of identification of hazards, risk assessments and determined controls up to date.
The organization shall ensure that the OH&S risks and determined controls are taken into account when establishing, implementing and maintaining its OH&S management system.
NOTE 2  For further guidance on hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls, see OHSAS 18002.
 
◇解説

最大の難関のリスクアセスメントですが、“落とし穴”に入らないことが大切です。
詳細はリスクアセスメントのページをご覧ください。

 

 

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